# Pipe Volume

# Leak Test

$\mathrm{CFM\; Leak}=\frac{{V}_{R}+{V}_{P}}{7.48}\times \left|{P}_{2}-{P}_{1}\right|\times \frac{60}{T\times {P}_{\mathrm{ATM}}}\times C$

# Pressure at Unload / Stop

- Identify the complete storage capacity of the system (receivers, pipes, etc) in gallons.
- If calculating for leaks: Be sure all prodction equipment is "off" and isolated. Isolate all auto. drains and bleeds

If calculating for system flow demand: Be sure all production equipment is "on" and fully operational. All auto. Drains should be "on" and fully functional to allow for the additional demand. - Pump the system up to the cut-out/unload of the compressor. Record this pressure.
- Record the time in minutes (and cut-in press.) required for the system to bleed down to the cut-in/load pressure.
- Enter the recorded data into the proper cells in the formula above.
- Use 1.0 for 10psid or below. At wider than 10psi differentials between load and unload some allowance for rate of flow change as the pressure falls must be considered. For example: if the differential is 50psid then entering a "Correction" value of 1.25 will be relatively accurate. For 20psid a 1.12 correction factor will apply.

# Pump Up Test

$\mathrm{Compressor\; Volume}=\left({V}_{R}+{V}_{P}\right)\times 0.13368\times \frac{{P}_{\mathrm{max}}/{P}_{\mathrm{ATM}}}{T}$

Volume of piping must include additions and corrections for elbows, tees, dryer vessel volumes etc. Test is to be performed from zero pressure in receiver to maximum system pressure. All drains, service valves, leak ect. must be closed or corrected prior to test. A minimum of three tests should be performed with the average of all tests used as test result.

# Compressor Energy

# Savings Per Year

ModulationLoad / No LoadVSDModulation vs Load/No Load

Modulation vs VSD

Load/No Load vs VSD

# Std. CFM vs. Abs. CFM

# Vapor Pressure

# Elevation vs Atmospheric Pressure

$\mathrm{Abs.\; CFM}=\mathrm{Std.\; CFM}\times \frac{{P}_{s}-\left(R{H}_{s}\times P{V}_{s}\right)}{{P}_{b}-\left(R{H}_{a}\times P{V}_{a}\right)}\times \frac{{T}_{a}}{{T}_{s}}\times \frac{{P}_{b}}{{P}_{a}}$